Sexual dysfunction in women is a serious and much more common problem. Indeed, according to physiology, men are much more vulnerable and dependent on their sexual health. But female sexual dysfunctions also seriously affect the quality of life.
Modern statistics say that 40% of women worldwide are predisposed to sexual dysfunction. Only a few women seek medical help. First of all, such a situation happens because of the particular sensitivity of the problem.
Sexual disorders in women often lead to a deterioration in family relations, contribute to the emergence of certain prejudices, disturb the mental equilibrium, etc. The prevention and treatment of female sexual disorders are of medical, but, more importantly, social significance.
Research data shows that various pathologies (for example, genital prolapse or urinary incontinence) can adversely affect a woman’s sexual function. However, the reasons can consist of many components – neurogenic, psychogenic, hormonal and even muscular.
Typically, the female sexual response consists of four main components: libido, excitement, orgasm, and satisfaction. Any of these components may interact with others providing a negative or positive effect on the overall female health.
Types of sexual disorders in women
In modern medical literature, the following types of sexual disorders in women are specified:
- female sexual arousal disorder. It can be felt both on the psychological and somatic level. A woman constantly or periodically feels that it is impossible to achieve and/or maintain sexual excitement. This type of disorder may be caused by the insufficient blood supply to the genitals. It occurs in 10-20% of patients.
- orgasm disorder. It occurs in 10-15% of women. It is felt as a permanent or intermittent absence, delay or complete impossibility of achieving sexual satisfaction, with adequate sexual excitement and stimulation. There are primary (arising from the beginning of sexual activity) and secondary (developed as a result of surgery, injury or hormonal imbalance). Anorgasmia may also appear as a result of emotional trauma or sexual abuse.
- disturbance of drive. It feels like a permanent/periodic absence, lack of sexual fantasies and thoughts, as the lack of susceptibility to sexual activity. It occurs in about 30% of sexually active women. It can even be felt by a woman as an aversion to sexuality (constant or periodic desire to prevent sexual intercourse). The roots of this problem lie most often in psychological or physical (sexual abuse) injuries, often in childhood.
- pain disorders. In the sexual sphere, this is, first of all, dyspareunia. It is a constant or periodic pain in the genitals during sexual intercourse. It has either psychological reasons or purely physiological. For example, dyspareunia may occur as a result of vestibulitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vaginal vestibule), vaginal atrophy, or a vaginal infection.
- vaginismus is a permanent or periodic involuntary spasm of the vaginal wall in response to an attempt at sexual intercourse.
- non-critical pain is a pain in the genitals with non-coital sexual stimulation. The main causes of this condition are genital trauma, endometriosis, various inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs.
Category: Erectile Dysfunction
Tags: sexual dysfunction, women's health